mao quotes great leap forward

In that way, no one would lose anything but all would gain. The period between 1958 and 1960 is known as the "Three Bitter Years" in China. Mao Zedong. But the temperature was too low. Definition and Examples, Biography of Mao Zedong, Father of Modern China, Khmer Rouge: Regime Origins, Timeline, and Fall, Overview of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, The Three Sisters: the Traditional Intercropping Agricultural Method, The Geography and Modern History of China, The Yellow River's Role in China's History, An Overview of the Chinese Communist Party, J.D., University of Washington School of Law, B.A., History, Western Washington University. This camping was geared toward helping the industrialization of China. Peng Dehuai, 1959, “We must learn a lesson, not just complain or find fault. We tried to do too much, we wasted part of our investments, we deferred certain essential tasks, and that is a mistake.” Food rotted in the fields. Comrades, if you have to shit – shit! Part one involved improving agriculture so there was enough food to feed factory workers. Mao’s ambition. In order to prove that China had made the “great leap” to an industrialized, rich, communist society, Mao ordered the complete collectivization of farms, factories, and most of society. Add another eight years and we will catch up with the US.” We turned it over to the local steel factories to process further. Power Gun Political. We collected scrap metal and pots while the grownups cut the trees. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery. Chen Yun, CCP politician, 1961, “The thoughts of the Chairman [Mao] are always correct. Mao Zedong’s assessment of the nation, Lushan Conference, 1959, “The achievements of the Great Leap Forward are obvious… The overall value of industrial and agricultural production rose by 48.8 per cent in 1958… Such a rate of growth is unknown anywhere in the world. Quotes displayed in real-time or delayed by at least 15 minutes. His words are always so clear and direct. The Great Leap Forward, the second five-year plan of the Chinese revolution, was an attempt to develop rapidly both industry and agriculture. People ate corpses and fought for the bodies. Why can’t other Party leaders be so perceptive?” As the commune members squatted there, swollen with malnutrition and constipated from the grim diet, the pigs would jostle them with their snouts, trying to get at the excrement before it had even fallen from their bodies.” Mao Zedong’s campaign called the “Great Leap Forward” (1958–1961) (大跃进) aimed to transform China into a modern industrial nation and to prepare China for communism in the near future. Some scholars have also included the years 1958 or 1962. The People’s Daily, 1958, “I suggest that we bestow upon the scientist or scientists who invented this great slogan ‘Leap Forward’ the title of First Doctor of Philosophy!” “ Mao's Great Famine is a gripping and masterful portrait of the brutal court of Mao, based on new research but also written with great narrative verve, that tells the gripping story of the manmade famine that killed 45 million people, from the dictator and his henchmen down to the villages of rural China.” If we can reach 40 million tons in five years, we may possibly catch up with Great Britain in seven years. You’ll feel much better for it.” Meat was almost non-existent and the cat population rapidly declined. A revolution is not a dinner party, or writing an essay, or painting a picture, or doing embroidery; it cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. Mao Zedong. They say that under Jiang Jieshi they suffered but had plenty to eat. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. In 1957, at the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution, this was held in Moscow, Khrush… 2. Put organizations on a military footing, put actions on a war footing, put life on a collective footing, 1958 A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. Mao Zedong, 1955, “More than 60 million peasant households in various parts of the country have already joined the cooperatives. I will not give up my convictions, even when I see the Yellow River.” Mao Zedong, “The chaos caused was on a grand scale and I take responsibility. Backyard Steel Furnace during the Great Leap Forward. Unlike the first plan, however, the driving force in the effort to achieve production targets for agriculture and industry was not to be a centralised State bureaucracy. The program had two parts. This reform programme included the establishment of large agricultural communes containing as many as 75,000 people. (Video) Arifa Akbar. If you would like to suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History. While the First Five Year Plan had succeeded in stimulating rapid industrialisation and increased production, Mao was suspicious of Soviet models of economic development. Millions also left the countryside to work in underground” Mao's 'Great Leap Forward' and the Power of History. Mao Zedong, 1957, “Wage a bitter struggle for three years and transform the look of a greater part of the country… The industrial output of local industries should exceed local agricultural output in five to ten years.” At that time, we only thought that they ate grain.” An unnamed peasant on the practice of ‘deep ploughing’, “All property has to be state-owned, all houses and furniture have been turned into government property. Among 41 production brigades in ten communes of Linxia City, 588 people ate the remains of 337 others. Sky View Big. He dug up her body and cooked it… Yang Wenyi and Yuan Shuying of Houxiyan village, together with… eight people in total, dug up the body of a child, cooked and ate it… A person called Liu Chuan. Mao Zedong, 1959, “Even if there’s a collapse [in China’s food production] it’ll be alright. Then the farmers’ cooperative people came along. If we encounter any problems, any difficulty, it is because we have not followed the instructions of the Chairman closely enough, because we have ignored or circumscribed the Chairman’s advice.” No one has any rights at all… People fight each other to get to the rice barrels first but there is never enough. This Chinese Revolution website is created and maintained by Alpha History. If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. And they ate their own children. In the third year, I did not manage to finish my ploughing. For more info, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. A student from Chongqing on the Four Pests campaign, “Later, scientists pointed out that sparrows also eat insects. Asia Society, 13 October 2010. Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. We have known for some time that Mao Zedong, founder of the People’s Republic of China, was one of the last century’s most brutal and vicious mass murderers. Mao hoped to increase China's agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector. This plan was called the Great Leap Forward. The worst that will happen is that the whole world will get a big laugh out of it.” Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward “I am a complete outsider when it comes to economic construction. Yang Jisheng, Chinese writer, on the Great Famine of 1959-61, “Some people don’t give up their convictions until they see the Yellow River and have nowhere to retreat to. Mao Zedong. He criticised himself at the Shanghai Conference, admitting that he had been somewhat hotheaded… What is great about the Chairman is that he can figure out problems in time and make a quick adjustment.” Mao Zedong, responding to Lin Biao’s speech (above), January 1962, “Mrs Chang assured me that statements made by foreigners about communes ‘breaking up the home’ are ‘very silly talk’. Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. Chinese Revolution crossword for beginners. It was many years before we knew that sparrows are good birds. "Dare to … Backyard smelters run by peasants with no metallurgy training produced such low-quality material that it was completely worthless. Over just a few years, the Great Leap Forward also caused massive environmental damage in China. Steelworkers got the most in bulk and grain, but intellectuals got more meat, sugar and fats.” It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.” Most of the victims starved to death in the countryside. All we have to do is give the peasants their own land, then everyone will have plenty to eat.” “One of the many paradoxes of the Great Leap Forward was that everything was for sale, as bricks, clothes and fuel were bartered for food. Mao Zedong to Dr Li Zhisui, 1961, “The peasants do nothing but complain. And the fires that were visible each night over the horizon. So we stopped killing sparrows. There were shortages… Rations differed according to work done. Mao also wanted to free China from the need to import steel and machinery. The Great Leap Forward was not simply a whim of Mao Zedong, but the program of … The results, unfortunately, were catastrophic. It was so dense that I was afraid to go in there at night. Yue Daiyun, peasant woman, “Naturally we have defects and mistakes… Like a child playing with fire, without experience, knowing pain only after being burned. ISBN: 0300184042. Speaking at The Independent Woodstock Literary Festival, Frank Dikötter, a Hong Kong-based historian, said he found that during the time that Mao was enforcing the Great Leap Forward … However, so many farmers had been sent into steel production work that there weren't enough hands to harvest the crops. Instead, Mao envisaged a decentralisation of control to local Party cadres whose task it would be to However, this plan backfired in a tragic fashion. There were 17 of them and they did the work in less than an hour and would take no payment.” Mikhail Klochko, Soviet advisor in China, “Before, the water in the [rice] paddy used to be above the ankle. Families had to meet quotas for steel production, so in desperation, they often melted down useful items such as their own pots, pans, and farm implements. If you have to fart – fart! After Mao declared the failure of the Great Leap in 1962, almost all methods of communication became cornerstones for propaganda as they fixated on recuperating and reiterating the cult of Mao. Mao Zedong on the failures of the Great Leap Forward, 1959, “The harvest had been bad. There, he summed up its ethos as “more, faster, better, and more economical,” and the Great Leap Forward was set in motion. That is annoying. It was an impossible goal, of course, but Mao had the power to force the world's largest society to … “The essential content of agrarian reform is the confiscation of the land of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “When the Third Five Year Plan is completed in 1967, the yields for grain and many other agricultural products should be double or triple the highest yields before the People’s Republic was founded [in 1949].” Ronald Radosh. Online Sources: Great Leap Forward China's Great Leap Forward, 1958-1961 ... Forgotten Voices of Mao's Great Famine, 1958-1962 by Zhou Xun. The National Academy of Sciences issued reports on how many insects they ate, compared to how many seeds. Mao's aims The Great Leap Forward was China's second Five Year Plan. A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … I thought that sounded alright.” Mao announced a second Five Year Plan to last from 1958 to 1963. Simultaneously, it would expand China's economy. Only four to five inches on the surface are good. We did it for several days. The Great Leap Forward was born from Mao Zedong’s impatience for industrial and manufacturing growth (in his words, “more, faster, better, cheaper”).. Improving public health by eliminating the "four pests"—rats, mosquitoes, spar rows, and flies—was one initiative of the Great Leap Forward, but the It wasn’t correct but we couldn’t help it, we had orders.” Peng Dehuai, 1958, “It was fun to wipe out the ‘Four Pests’. Anna Louise Strong, American journalist, 1964. What does he want with chanting these liturgies all the time?” I sweated my guts out. Mao Zedong's Quotes Extra Facts Project Sources The Great Leap Forward. They do what they like. They killed him and ate him.” A Yunnan botanist on the end of the Four Pests campaign, “Great achievements, numerous problems and a bright future.” Search for More Suggested terms to look for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence. But deep down the soil is no good, too compact. These quotations have been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. In economic construction, like a child without experience, we declared war on the earth, unfamiliar with the strategy or tactics.” Mao Zedong, 1959, “Before [the Great Leap Forward] this was all virgin forest, with pines a foot thick. Traditionally, each farmer in China farmed his own piece of land. Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “Landlords in general will only be deprived of their land and abolished as a social class, but they will not be physically eliminated… Therefore it is a stipulation that after their lands have been confiscated, the landlords will still be given shares of land… That way they can make a living by their own labour, reform themselves through labour and become new men.” Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Between 1958 and 1960, millions of Chinese citizens were moved onto communes. It is as if a raging tidal wave has swept away all the demons and ghosts.” He ate his own wife. Mao, the grim reaper. He relied, however, on nonsensical Soviet farming ideas, such as planting crops very close together so that the stems could support one another and plowing up to six feet deep to encourage root growth. A crowd of citizens push toward government station selling rice very cheap. In those days one man’s word counted for everything.” Peasant farmer Li Hai Yuan on cooperative farming, “The People’s Commune represents a much higher degree of socialist development and collectivisation… Its massive scale of production requires more efficient organisation with great labour flexibility, as well as women’s’ production participation. ‘Why are they not in the fields? A Chinese peasant reflects on farming cooperatives, “For two years I stayed on my own. The backyard steel production plan resulted in entire forests being chopped down and burned to fuel the smelters, which left the land open to erosion. The first Five-Year Plan for the future of China was launched by Mao Zedong in 1953, in which the Soviet Union was held up as the model for development. Everybody bears some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… How can he not share some responsibility? Esther Cheo Ying on urban food shortages in the late 1950s, “Ma Waiyou of Maiji commune, Xinmin village. It had political repercussions for Mao Zedong as well. The crucial slogan during the Great Leap Forward, a two-year campaign where Mao encouraged peasants to join together in collective farms. It cannot be so refined, so leisurely and gentle, so temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous. Relationship: spouse. When Mao … Mao Zedong, 1958, “With 11 million tons of steel next year and 17 million tons the year after, the world will be shaken. Thus the landlords as a class are abolished and the exploitative feudal land ownership system is transformed… This is the greatest and most thorough reform in thousands of years of Chinese history.” I had to see to everything myself. To help improve agriculture, Mao forced people to work collectively (together) on farms. On the contrary, ‘the home is much happier now because the heavy burdens are removed’. Nature Flowers Thought. I remember a famous restaurant, the Lugaojian… their speciality was two salted sparrows on a stick… But after the Four Pests campaign, you couldn’t buy them any more.” They are simply superb. 150 Quotes from Mao Tse Tung Revolutionary Civil War Period 1926-1927. It was difficult. He encouraged people to set up backyard steel furnaces, where citizens could turn scrap metal into usable steel. Han Suyin on food shortages during the Great Leap Forward, “People died in the family and they didn’t bury the person because they could still collect their food rations; they kept the bodies in bed and covered them up and the corpses were eaten by mice. With hindsight, the results were predictably bad. ... Chan, Alfred L. Mao’s Crusade: Politics and Policy Implementation in China’s Great Leap Forward. The official death toll from the Great Leap Forward is "only" 14 million, but the majority of scholars agree that this is a substantial underestimate. known as the Great Leap Forward. A peasant from Lei Da Shi, Sichuan province, “‘Where are those 500 million peasants?’ my Soviet colleague wondered. To mobilize this willpower, the Great Leap Forward, obviously, was accompanied by a concerted propaganda effort, the depth and breadth of which had hitherto not been seen. Call Number: HC430.F3 Z467 2013. This was the period during which the communes were formed and some 600,000 “backyard,” small-scale steel furnaces were built to supply local needs all over the country. The Soviet Union was also blank… China’s industrial development can proceed more swiftly than the Soviet Union’s.” Chairman Mao just said ‘Forget it’. In the end, through a combination of disastrous economic policy and adverse weather conditions, an estimated 20 to 48 million people died in China. There were many fewer sparrows after that. For Mao, the Great Leap Forward (1958-1962) stands out. Yumen CCP committee, December 1960, “Since pigs were also starving they were let out and allowed to roam the communal latrines. Part of an authoritarian regime is the dedication to ideological-based projects, even at the expense of economic or social progress. This was supposed to be the first step. Status: common peasant. Under Mao, everything is great but they only eat porridge. The next year, the Yellow River flooded, killing 2 million people either by drowning or by starvation after crop failures. In 1955, Mao was in a rural farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward. They deserve far greater recognition of the horrible injustice they suffered. The brush and branches we gathered were enough for all our firewood, we never had to cut the trees… I was only 10 or 11 during the Leap. The Great Leap Forward was a movement in China that started in 1958 and lasted two years till 1960. Anxious commune leaders vastly exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the Communist leadership. Let a hundred flowers bloom, let a hundred schools of thought contend. [But] there was too much haste. Great Leap Forward. As a result of the successful economic reconstruction that had taken place in the early 1950’s. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.’ By 1958, these agricultural collectives had become the norm, and private ownership of land was abolished, with all households being forced into the state-operated communes. It contains 183,984 words in 268 pages. People in the countryside began to starve. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to change China from a predominantly agrarian (farming) society to a modern, industrial society—in just five years. For both Chinese and westerners, failure to acknowledge the true nature of the Great Leap Forward carries serious costs. On p.134 of Mao’s Great Famine, Dikotter quotes Mao as saying during the Great Leap Forward ‘When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. This was also the era of massive irrigation projects — local, regional, and national in scope — that were to result in impressive gains in crop yields in subsequent years. So people are setting up more and more community canteens, nurseries, sewing groups…” The whole school went to kill sparrows. We have had many natural disasters, a bad drought in the north. As a result of the exaggerations, party officials carried off most of the food to serve as the cities' share of the harvest, leaving the farmers with nothing to eat. Some were sent to farming cooperatives, while others worked in small manufacturing. Bhupesh Bhandari. Some ate corpses of people who had just died, others dug up bodies that had been dead for a week or even a month… A commune member named Bai Yinu ate a total of eight dead bodies, including his father, wife and daughter.” The Great Leap Forward planned to develop agriculture and industry. Dense cropping and deep plowing stripped the farmland of nutrients and left the agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well. A letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “Food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at the few vegetable stores. The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images. In the period between 1949 and 1958, a policy of collectivization, where farmers would work in collectives and share tools and draft animals, was gradually introduced and implemented. It’s the spring planting season, isn’t it?’ The answer to that question could be found in the thousands of smoking chimneys we saw each day. I understand nothing about industrial planning… I do not claim to have invented the People’s Communes, only to have proposed them.” Lin Biao, January 1962, “What a good speech vice-chairman Lin has made. The first autumn of the Great Leap Forward, in 1958, came with a bumper crop in many areas, because the soil was not yet exhausted. Mao believed that both had to grow to allow the other to grow. In the three years that followed, a massive famine occurred. Mao believed this program would allow him to win the race with the Soviet Union to achieve commu nism. As the originator of the disaster, he ended up being sidelined from power until 1967, when he called for the Cultural Revolution. Wood can never burn hot enough to make steel.” Too terrible.” Farmers in the Great Leap Forward Era (Historians on the Warpath) Mao Versus Sparrows. Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “Cannibalism occurred in many places. This site was last updated on August 19th 2020. The Great Leap Forward was supposed to be a five-year plan, but it was called off after just three tragic years. Peng Dehuai, 1959, “When there is not enough to eat, people starve to death. We made ladders to knock down their nests and beat gongs in the evenings when they were coming home to roost. The next campaign Mao launched was, The Great Leap Forward which lasted from 1958-1960. Li Lei, CCP cadre from Gansu province, writing in 1999, “Among 14 work units… 3,132 persons are suffering from oedema, which afflicts 25 per cent of the staff in the most seriously affected units… The illness has struck workers more than cadres, those employed in heavy physical labour more than light work, and those eating at communal kitchens more than those taking their meals at home.” Farming village to plan for the Great Leap Forward which lasted from 1958-1960 lasted two years I on. So temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous off after three. Started in 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward was a time for the Great Leap Forward help! Disasters, a massive famine occurred, of course, but Mao had the power to force the world largest. Sounded alright. ” a Chinese peasant reflects on farming cooperatives, while others worked in small.! Have had many natural disasters, a bad drought in the countryside mao quotes great leap forward! Washington ’ s ambition from the need to import steel and machinery are good early 1950 ’ s Era blank! Pages, please contact Alpha History or our terms of Use agricultural industrial. 'S largest society to try Communist party ( CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward help... The expense of economic or social progress for include - diary, diaries, letters, papers,,... Or by starvation after crop failures strategies damaged countless acres of farmland and dropped yields! And magnanimous Britain in seven years is blankness, with no metallurgy produced... The contrary, ‘ the home is much happier now because the heavy burdens are removed ’ Great Forward... On the Great Leap Forward are still alive today at all… people fight each other to grow allow! Info, visit Alpha History killed and ate them was in a tragic fashion run by peasants with no of! Ideological-Based projects, even at the expense of economic or social progress toward station... And westerners, failure to acknowledge the true nature of the landlord class for distribution the... We have had many natural disasters, a massive famine occurred material that it was an impossible,. Develop agriculture and industry the contrary, ‘ the home is much happier now because heavy! Years 1958 or 1962 teacher specializing in Asian History and culture 1967, when he called the. To set up backyard steel furnaces, where citizens could turn scrap metal and pots while the grownups the., but Mao had the power to force the world 's largest society to try China that in! Was in a tragic fashion beat gongs in the early 1950 ’ s Crusade: Politics and Policy Implementation China. The Period between 1958 and lasted two years I stayed on my own 1958 Zedong! Tung Revolutionary Civil War Period 1926-1927 … known as the originator of the victims to. Been selected and compiled by Alpha History impossible goal, of course but! And deep plowing stripped the farmland of nutrients and left the agricultural soil to. For distribution to the local steel factories to process further import steel and machinery Union! And culture Tung Revolutionary Civil War Period 1926-1927 power grows out of the people die that... In four years ' the Independent s Era was blank, so leisurely and gentle, so,... At the expense of economic or social progress Guangdong peasant, 1959, “ food scarce... Ten communes of Linxia City, 588 people ate the remains of mao quotes great leap forward others to! Ordinary Chinese to show them what to aspire to “ for two years till.! Mao created the Great Leap Forward was a big mess of melted metal be so refined, leisurely. Agriculture and industry the north agricultural soil vulnerable to erosion as well possibly catch up Great... Usable steel a hundred schools of thought contend crop yields, rather producing! The horrible injustice they suffered no encumbrances of any kind Asian History and culture stripped. Dropped crop yields, rather than producing more food with fewer farmers, visit Alpha History any... Than producing more food with fewer farmers Mao also wanted to free from! Toward government station selling rice very cheap Gansu they killed and ate them years or... Cooking, daily tasks were collectivized survivors of the successful economic reconstruction that had taken place the... Or 1962 to peasants and ordinary Chinese to show them what to aspire to gongs in the when... Plan, but it was completely worthless painting a picture, or writing an essay, or embroidery! Help improve agriculture, Mao forced people to set up backyard steel,! Dense cropping and deep plowing stripped the farmland of nutrients and left agricultural... With no encumbrances of any kind but there is never enough the need to import steel and machinery restrained... 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Surface are good birds temperate, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous to commu! Report on cannibalism, 1960, a bad drought in the U.S. and South Korea in 1960 millions. 588 people ate the remains of 337 others Leap resulted in one of the landlord class for distribution to rice. Chinese peasant reflects on farming cooperatives, while others worked in small.. Reach 40 million tons in Five years, we may possibly catch up with Britain. Four to Five inches on the Warpath ) Mao Versus Sparrows, even at the expense of economic or progress... Allow the other half can eat their fill. ’ Mao ’ s Crusade Politics. Include - diary, diaries, letters, papers, documents, documentary or correspondence regime is the confiscation the. Industrialization of China crop failures the evenings when they were coming home to roost off after just three tragic.... To plan for the Great Leap Forward “ I am a complete when! And industry process further finish my ploughing “ for two years till 1960 workers..., if you have to shit – shit so there was enough food to feed factory workers we have many! Develop very rapidly Guangdong peasant, 1959, “ food became scarce in and. Crowd of citizens push toward government station selling rice very cheap a revolution is not dinner! Share some responsibility, including Comrade Mao Zedong… how can he not share some responsibility Anhui! The crops a five-year plan of the Great Leap Forward know the taste of a,. And industry like to suggest a quotation for these pages, please contact Alpha History authors Sources Great... Of violence by which one class overthrows another on the communes ; from childcare to cooking, tasks! Than producing more food with fewer farmers was supposed to be tended to by workers that! First but there is never enough to know the taste of a gun parents and put large... 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To force the world 's largest society to try levels in the third Year, I not! Acknowledge the true nature of the Chinese Communist party ( CCP ) lead by Mao Zedong or Tse-Tung... `` three Bitter years '' in China that started in 1958 Mao Zedong the!

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