mauna kea volcano

Based on the National Drought Mitigation Center's data, since 2008, and notably in March 2010, precipitation has been sparse at the summit of Mauna Kea. Bepaalde groepen Hawaiianen zijn hier echter fel tegen omdat de Mauna Kea voor hen een heilige berg is en ook omdat dit de habitat van de Nysius wekiuicola, een bodemwants, te veel zou verstoren. With an estimated volume of >30,000 km3, Mauna Kea rises ~10,000 m above the seafloor, causing stress to accumulate from the mass of the volcano (Lockwood and Hazlett, 2010). As Mauna Kea evolved from its early shield stage (equivalent to Kilauea and Mauna Loa today) to its present postshield stage, the volcano lost its rift zones. Mauna Kea is one of five volcanoes that form the island of Hawaiʻi, the largest and youngest island of the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain. The next eruption will likely produce a similar cone. Patrick and Delparte (2014) reported that the lake size before 2010 was 5,000-7,000 m2 with a depth of ~3 m, but recently, the size has been decreasing rapidly. While the lake size was known to fluctuate over time, this dramatic reduction has caused concern, given the possibility of losing a specialized ecosystem as well as a prominent feature of Hawaiian ethnogeography. It erupted many times between 60,000 and 4,000 years ago, and some periods of quiet during that time apparently lasted longer than 4,000 years. Mauna Kea, Hawaii's highest volcano, reaches 4205 m, only 35 m above its neighbor, Mauna Loa. Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. Eruptive History. University of Hawaii Press, p. 1-15. Prior to this investigation, the Hilo Ridge had been attributed to Mauna Kea as its possible rift zone; however, the authors determined a stronger connection with Kohala due to multiple factors including the strongly NW-trending linear zone that extends ~80 km from the modelled core of Kohala. It began as a preshield volcano driven by the Hawaiʻi hotspot around one million years ago, and became exceptionally active during its shield stage until 500,000 years ago. Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the, EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. "We cannot now say when the next eruption will take place, except that it is unlikely to be in the next several months, given the current lack of any precursory signs. Porter S C, 1973. 30, p. 465-502. Hawaii’s long-dormant Mauna Kea volcano has been quietly and regularly rumbling for decades — but there’s no need for alarm. The mountains and land were genealogically connected to native Hawaiians through the original ancestor, Wakea [sky father] and Papa [earth mother].". 17 Amazing Facts About Mauna Kea 1. Related Article: 10 Facts about Layers of Earth. But Mauna Kea is a short version of Mauna a Wakea, a name that connects it to the sky father, Wakea. "Until the 1990's, it was also Federal policy to omit most diacritics and writing marks from placenames on Federal maps and documents. The BGN staff, under the direction and guidance of the Hawaii State Geographic Names Authority, has been restoring systemically these marks to each Hawaiian name listed in GNIS.". There is no Deformation History data available for Mauna Kea. Sporadic winter storms have provided most, if not all, of the water captured in this considerably arid region (Patrick and Delparte, 2014). MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Positive gravity anomalies define gravitationally dense zones caused by intrusions and cumulates beneath the summit and known rift zones of each of the five volcanoes composing the island. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston (2006), Hawaii. It would not threaten human life, provided due care were taken, though it could prove devastating to property and infrastructure, particularly if a lava flow traveled to the Hamakua coast or the Waimea area.". Its age and high altitude make it the only Hawaiian volcano with glacial moraines. 1 of Decker, R.W, Wright, T.L., and Stauffer, PH., eds., Volcanism in Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1350, v. 1, p. 5-54. Met een totale hoogte van 10.203 meter, gemeten vanaf het laagste punt van zijn voet op de bodem van de Grote Oceaan, wordt het soms gezien als de hoogste berg ter wereld, hoewel de Mount Everest en vele andere bergen hoger boven zeeniveau uitsteken. HVO has monitored and maintained the record of seismicity for the entire region of Hawai`i. Wolfe E W, Wise W S, Dalrymple B, 1997. Accessibility Help. If you are looking for one of the ultimate stargazing adventures, definitely put the Mauna Kea Volcano Summit and Observatory on your list. [3], Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution, Rechter stopt bouw megatelescoop op heilige berg Hawaii, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mauna_Kea&oldid=57704599, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. and Nakata, J.S., 2011, Earthquakes in Hawai`i-An Underappreciated but Serious Hazard, Fact Sheet 2011-3013, USGS Fact Sheet, September 2011. Early European observations. Significant cinder cone eruptions are a hallmark of the post-shield stage as well as: "(1) the absence of a summit caldera and elongated fissure vents that radiate across its summit; (2) steeper and more irregular topography (for example, the upper flanks of Mauna Kea are twice as steep as those of Mauna Loa; [figure 5]); and (3) different chemical compositions of the lava" (Clague and Dalrymple, 1987; USGS, 2002). Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Mauna Kea. Patrick, M. R. and Delparte, D., 2014, Tracking Dramatic Changes at Hawaii's Only Alpine Lake: EOS (Transactions, American Geophysical Union), Vol. Volgens de Hawaiiaanse mythologie vond de schepping van de wereld plaats op Mauna Kea ('witte berg') toen de hemelgod Wākea de aardegodin Papahānaumoku ontmoette. Retrieved from http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/hawaii.htm. Geology, 28, 10, p. 883. It's rift zones are less pronounced than on neighboring volcanoes, and the eruption of voluminous, late-stage pyroclastic material has buried much of the early basaltic shield volcano, creating a steeper and more irregular profile. Scans each 1 km pixel within it to the sky father Wakea,.. They produced tools from the sea to form Laupahoehoe point at one place, mauna kea volcano... Three-Dimensional gravity models east-west, with a broad, linear feature trending southeast that something is amiss --! Lava from Pu ` u Lehu and Pu ` u Kanakaleonui next closest in... 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